1 Year Marathon Training Plan Tips

Are you seeking a 1 year marathon training plan? If so, welcome to RunDreamAchieve. I have always told the athletes I mentor and coach here that a longer build up is always better than a shorter one. One of the biggest reasons is that you are not rushing your fitness. It takes a minimum of 3 weeks for the body to adapt to any stress load being placed on it. So, a 1 year marathon training plan may be the best bet for many runners seeking a long-term approach

So, it is extremely difficult to get into superior shape in a matter of 4 to 8 weeks for a marathon. Remember, this is 26.2 miles or 42.2 kilometers, not a 5k or 10k. So, more is required out of the athlete. Although I don’t have a 1 year marathon training plan available here, I do have 8 to 24 week long plans. So, I have schedules that are 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 weeks long. I would focus on building a huge base of mileage ranging from 3 to 6 months long. You can focus on doing strides twice per week during this time frame but no speed workouts. In addition, no tempo runs, fartlek workouts or hill repeats either.

Remember, 52 weeks is a long time to train for a marathon. So, you won’t want to get into great anaerobic shape too soon training for a year. The training plans I have created focus on quality training over quantity. You can still be running high mileage and never run a new personal best for the marathon. Runners who run too much of their mileage too aerobically will only build endurance. Remember, our goal is to sustain goal race pace longer than our competition.

Can You Prepare for a Marathon in 1 Year?

Absolutely, 1 year is plenty of time to go from couch to being in superior shape to compete in a marathon. That being said, you definitely have to focus on both speed work as well as recovery. The real benefits of the hard training you are doing today will be seen several weeks from now. Again, it takes between 3 to 4 weeks for the body to adapt to any stress load being placed on it.

So, 52 weeks is sufficient time for the body to adapt and for you to start seeing significant gains in your fitness. Remember, a 52 week marathon training schedule has to be paced properly.

Be wary of your paces during training. It is very easy to under and over train. I would highly recommend investing in a heart rate monitor. I use the Garmin 245 myself regularly. It helps me to stay in the correct heart rate zones and not run too fast or too slow during the week. Easy running is running around 65 percent of your maximum heart rate. Anaerobic threshold (tempo runs) should be spent at or around 85 to 89 percent of your max heart rate.

Speed training or your vo2 max workouts should be run at or around 95 to 100 percent of your max heart rate. One way to get an estimate of what your max heart rate is, is to subtract your age from 220. The minimum time frame I would train for a marathon is 16 weeks. That being said, 20 to 24 weeks is the optimal time frame I would recommend. I created training plans in this time frame for this very reason.

Is a Year Too Long to Train for a Marathon?

12 to 16 weeks is a good starting point for a marathon build up for most runners. 6 months is optimal time for most runners to get significant results from their training. Remember, a 1 year marathon training plan needs to be paced correctly to be most effective. It may be too long of a build up but if enough breaks are allowed, it could still certainly produce results. Recovery is vital. So, if you are going to train for 52 weeks make sure there are recovery weeks allotted every 3 weeks. I think you need to be running at least 30 miles a week in order to see results in your training. Again, you need to be very patient with a build up this long.

So, don’t start thinking about speed workouts or faster runner until you get to around month 6. You can then start implementing some moderate workouts. So, January through July should be focused on general fitness training running easy. Also, doing strides twice per week. Strides are too short to build up any large amounts of lactic acid. So, you can do these short, 50 to 100-meter long sprints on top of your other workouts.

Athletes that are more advanced and experienced should be running between 50 to 80 miles a week to get new personal bests. Again, if your mileage is run too aerobically, too often, you’ll only be a great long, slow distance runner. I know you more than likely have a time goal in mind.

Perhaps your goal is to run under a 4 hour marathon or even to break the 3 hour marathon barrier. I have created running courses for runners seeking to break both of these time barrier. In addition, created a running course for runners seeking to break the 2:30 marathon barrier as well.

Is 6 Months Enough Time to Prepare for a Marathon?

I think 6 months is the optimal time frame for athletes to train properly for a marathon. A 1 year marathon training plan is extremely long. So, a shorter, 16 to 24 week build up may be best. You could also consider running 2 marathons, one every 6 months. Also, have a higher chance of success by breaking your training into 2, 6-month segments rather than training for 52 weeks or 12 months straight.

Again, great marathon success comes from consistent work over a long period of time. It took me 15 years of training to run a marathon in 2:19:35. I also trained for a decade after running this time and could only put up a 2:26:42. So, it is very difficult to duplicate a “flow” effort.

I have flow in parenthesis because it is a performance where everything comes together. So, it certainly takes time and proper training in order to get this event right. Proper pacing is also vital for you to set a new personal best over the marathon distance. I always advise my athletes to focus on running a negative split. So, aim on running the second half of your marathon faster than you run the first half.

You should also always be working on your hydration. Remember, this is 26.2 miles or 42.2 kilometers, not a 5 or 10K. So, the body is going to demand fluid and calories throughout this race. A 1 year marathon training plan should also remind the athlete the importance of long runs. You should drop water bottles out every 3 miles or 5 kilometers along your long run route. The best marathoners drink during their races, they do not sip.

Can You Stay in Marathon Shape Year Round?

No. It takes time and effort to get into superior marathon shape. You should definitely allot some down time in order to recover from hard training. I also advise you to start running your long runs at faster paces. Of course, I don’t mean you need to be running fast every single weekend. That being said, one weekend’s long run should be spent running at faster, varied paces. The following week’s long run should be run at easy, aerobic paces. Again, recovery and adaptation is the only way you are going to get a new personal best in this distance.

So, you have to train smart and know when to back off. The 8 to 24 week training plans available here have this style of long runs already build into them. Again, a 1 year marathon training plan needs to focus on slow, progressive training. First, build into general, easy and aerobic running for about 6 months before moving into faster, anaerobic training the last 6. Below is an example of the type of varied paced, long run I was doing prior to running 2:19:35 for the marathon. Of course, this is just to give you can idea of how you may want to start setting up your faster long runs.

  • 2 mile jog, 7 miles@5:35 mile pace, 2 miles easy, 1 mile in 4:55, 6 miles@6:00 mile pace, 2 miles easy, 2 miles@5:20 mile pace, 2 mile easy cool-down (24 miles)

I would always run the following week’s long run at or around 8 to 9-minute mile pace. It was not unusual for me to need between 2 and even up to 3 days of easy, aerobic running after runs like this. In fact, the long run was the hardest workout that I did. That being said, I credit this style of long run in helping me lower my PR from 2:43:36 to 2:19:35.

Extend the Distance of Your Tempo Runs

Athletes that want to drop significant time off of their current marathon personal best need to do longer tempo runs. Sure, a 3 to 4-mile tempo run will still yield a nice physiological boost. That being said, the distance is still too short. Remember, our aim is to get goal marathon race pace to feel easier. More importantly, get to a point where you can sustain goal race pace from start to the finish line of your race.

So, a tempo run between 8 to 12 miles in length is optimal. Yes, it will take you some time to get fit enough to do this. So, be patient with your fitness. The good news is that the body will always adapt. Again, a train up of between 16 and preferably 20 to 24 weeks in length will yield the greatest results. We run our tempo runs at or around 85 to 89% of our maximum heart rate.

So, the longer you train at this intensity the better equipped you are going to be at racing this distance. Again, make sure that you are jogging during your easy days to ensure adaptation is taking place. I see far too many runner still worried about pace on their easy days. Relax and allow time for your body to recover. The result of doing so is you will set a new personal best.

Develop Your Speed and Work on Leg Turnover

Yes, speed matters even with the marathon distance. We want to get your goal marathon race pace to feel easier. The faster you train the more fast twitch muscle fibers you will recruit. The more of these we can recruit the more effective and efficient we will race. Again, easy running will build your endurance but speed will help make that goal pace to feel more sustainable.

So, do at least 1, vo2 max workout per week. We run between 95 to 100 percent of our max heart rate running at this intensity. It is most certainly not fun. That being said, your body will adapt to the hard training in due time. Examples of vo2 max workouts are hill repetitions, road and track intervals and fartlek workouts.

Can I Train for a Marathon in 1 year?

Yes, but you have to be very strategic in how you do this. Again, if your main marathon is in December and you start training in January for it, start slow. You may want to focus on some shorter races throughout the year. I would also highly recommend taking a 2 weeks during that 52 week build up completely off. Perhaps, you take a week off after the first 6 months of build up.

Remember, you can take a full week of training off and rest and still not lose any fitness. I would also suggest running an all out 5 mile, 10 miler and half marathon race during that 52 week build up. The faster you can run in these shorter races is only going to make you tougher for the marathon distance.

Closing Thoughts

Also, make sure to start implementing mental visualization into your training routine. The world’s top runners always focus on both mental as well as physical preparation. Remember, if you are only training physically you are only doing 50 percent of the work. The vast majority of runners do not pay much attention to mental training. You have to train the mind as you train the body.

Your goals have to start in your head first. So, start spending at least 10 minutes per day seeing yourself getting across that finish line with your goal time on the clock. Also, passing people and running strong. You can do this when you first get up in the morning or when you go to bed at night. Make sure to subscribe to the RunDreamAchieve YouTube channel. I focus on making new training and racing videos there each week to help runners such as yourself get to the next level.

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